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Case Study 2000 Meter Row Seven


Tip #0: Always listen to your power animal.

 [Ed note: you may want to read Fun Times In The Pain Cave before you get into this post. Or, if you’re just here for the rowing tips, you may not. I don’t mind either way.]

In my last post, I talked about the psychological benefits of doing a 7-minute 2k on a rower – a decent standard over the Olympic racing distance – and why you should have a go at one. In this one, I’m going to talk about how to actually get it done. Because there are clever subtleties to yanking on a handle 196 times over the length of Metallica’s One (minus the intro), and you, my dear readers, need to hear them. Let’s do this.

1. Row lots

Oh how glib – and yet, unavoidable. Because apart from strengthening your lungs, heart, and rowing-specific muscles, making the energy pathways involved in a 7-minute power endurance effort more efficient, and improving your confidence in yourself and ability to gauge how much pain you can take, practicing rowing teaches you lots of other things. Like: how the proper technique should feel, and how that varies between the first pulls and the final sprint. How 26 strokes a minute at a 1:40 pace feels, compared to 30. These are things you should know. And anyway, there’s a lesson here: nothing will ever make you as good at the thing as doing the thing. Row every time you hit the gym, even if it’s for a 500m warmup or cool-down. Row for recovery. Row.

2. Attack it from both sides

To do a decent 2k, you need power endurance. You need to be able to sprint, and to maintain a decent pace for a decent length of time. And so what worked for me was following a plan in which I’d do lots of short, hard intervals in a couple of sessions a week, followed by 5-10k recovery-pace rows (so about 2:20 per 500m) to get the blood flowing through my poor, ruined muscles on my ‘recovery’ days. Recovery days are the perfect chance to make every stroke count with proper technique, and also a good chance to experiment with ‘Power 10s’ – 10 hard strokes, in which your pace might get up to 1:38 or something. You will need these for the 2k, where you should sprint the last 250m or so.

I got my training plan from Pieter Vodden and told him I wouldn’t reveal it here: but one bit of advice I can share is that, if you do 10 sets of 500m with a minute of rest in between, your average pace is what you can hold for 2k. You’re going to need average a 1:45 500m for the 7-minute row, obviously. To quote Lena Headey from 300: it won’t be quick, and you will not enjoy it. But you need to get it done.

3. Get the damper setting right

This won’t make it any easier, but it will stop you unnecessarily hamstringing yourself. It really comes down to personal preference – if you’re a lightweight (under 5’10, probably)  you might benefit from rowing at a lower damper setting with a higher stroke rate. If you’re a giant powerhouse (in which case you should be aiming for something faster anyway – how does 6:45 sound, big man?), you’ll probably benefit from rowing at a higher setting with a lower stroke rate. I hovered between 6 and 7 for every workout and settled on 7 for the 2k, usually hitting between 26 and 28 strokes a minute, climbing to 30 in the final assault.

4. Get your technique right

Concept 2 have an excellent webpage about this, and it’s worth videoing yourself to compare what you think you’re doing with what you actually do. The most common errors, though, are the below:

Over-compressing – or going to far forward at the catch. Your shins don’t want to go beyond vertical.

Over-reaching – reaching too far forward at the flywheel.

Leaning too far back – you want to lean back to about 11 o’clock and then pull the handle in to you. You’ll see some people go back to almost horizontal.

Rowing with bent wrists – your wrists want to stay flat throughout the stroke

Chicken-winging it – you want to start off pulling with straight arms and then draw the elbows past the body with relaxed shoulders – not have your arms off to the side or bent at the catch.

The main thing I worked on in every workout was the idea of fast hands – pulling hard at the catch, then breathing out on the recovery. It might help to find a song with a nice 1-2-3 beat to work on this.

5. Warm up properly

This doesn’t have to be complicated. David Hart of Concept 2 says: ‘Generally you want to row at a gentle pace for 10-15 minutes and throw in a few bursts at race pace. Some people will have a more detailed routine where they build up to it, but that’s a pretty decent start.’

6. Start fast, and hold on

When I finally got the 7-minute done (on my fourth attempt), I went with a strategy graciously donated by Sir Matthew Pinsent, four-time Olympic gold medallist, via Twitter. Here’s the man himself:

‘Go off at 1.41 for 30secs, settle to 1.45 flicking 1.46. fight like hell to not see 1.47 in 3rd 500 & sprint if you can.’

This is basically exactly what I did, although I went out a bit too fast and really struggled in the holding on bit. I was ready for the last 250 though, because that’s basically 20 all-out strokes (those Power 10s again) and a final burst of utter savagery. Sir Matt again:

‘It’s the patch from 800-1400m that gets you every time. get your head round that and you’re home.’

Damn straight. In every attempt I made, the 1000m mark was the point where I started playing headgames with myself, internally going ‘You cannot maintain this pace, you’ll die.’ But that’s not true. You won’t die. All you have to do is the same as you’ve already done, a fraction slower, with a burst of effort at the end. You can even fall off the rower afterwards! It’ll be totally fine.

Here’s David Hart again, with a bit more detail: ‘If you’re trying to get the best possible time, when to start the sprint is probably key. Too soon and you’ll blow up and limp home; too late, you’ll have left something in the tank and be left with some what ifs. From a performance point of view, you probably want to be coming off your sprint, so that your times are drifting back to your average pace when you cross the line (e.g. You go from 1:45, sprint to 1:38 and then your times creep back up to 1:45 as you struggle to maintain your sprint for the last few metres). From a performance POV, that’s good. From a “how you feel afterwards”, maybe less so…’

SPOILERS: There’s no way you’re going to feel good afterwards whatever you do, so you should do exactly this.

7. Have a massive pizza

Preferably covered in as many types of meat as your favoured pizza provider can cram atop it. You’ve earned it, champ.

HOMEWORK: Go find a rower somewhere, and do a 5k working on your technique, messing with stroke rates, and getting a feel for what’s hard for you. Then check out the stroke graphs for the competitors at this year’s World Indoor Rowing Championships –  – and acknowledge that you’ve got a long way to go. LIVE HARD!



dehydrated because excessivesweating.mouth dry?-

Wingerd, The Human BodyConcepts of  Anatomy And  Physiology,SanndersCollege Publishing,1994.


Vonder,Sherman Luciano, Human PhysiologyThe Mechanismof Body FunctionSeventh Edition, Mc.Graw-Hill,1998.


 Hartwing, Fundamental  Anatomy,Wolters Kluwer, Lippincott Williams And Wilkins,2008.


 Jack H.Wilmore, David K.Costill, W. Lorry Kenney, Physiology of Sport and  Exercise 4


 Edition, Human Kinetics,

One Minute In

His heart rateis 201/min

His breathingrate is 78/min

His bodytemperatureis 37.5 C

Moresweating than before- Increasing ATP- Muscle cellsconvert ATP tomechanicalenergy.6. Rowing full speedis putting newdemands on Jimmy’s body. What are thenew demands andhow does the bodyresponds to them?- Respiratoryincreased, heartrate increasedmeans that oxygenincreased in bodyso this willgenerate moreATP. ATP thenused for musclecontraction.7. What changes inJimmy’s muscles promote unloading of oxygen fromhemoglobin for use bythe muscle cells?- lack of oxygen- Lead to ananaerobic process(lactatefermentation)8. Why do Jimmy’smuscles feel like theyare burning?- The excretorysystem removescellular wastesand helpsmaintain the salt-water balance inthe maintenanceof constancy of the internalenvironment.- Saltconcentrationincreased in bloodso blood pressure9. What conflict is produced betweenJimmy’s need to keephis body cool and hisneed to removenitrogenous wastesfrom his blood? Whatdid he do before therace to help alleviatethis conflict?

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