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American Essay Ethnic Literature Nineteen Teaching


Some of the key ejournals to which the FGCU Library subscribes:

These journals are available in full text online through the FGCU Library. To find them, use the E-Journals link on the library's home page. Type in the title of the journal to get links to the library's online holdings for an individual journal. Or, just click the links below:

American Literary History
Covers the study of American literature and culture from the colonial period through the present.

American Literature
Contains articles covering the works of several American authors -- from colonial to contemporary-as well as an extensive book review section; a "Brief Mention" section offering citations of new editions and reprints, collections, anthologies and other professional books:

Angelaki: A a new journal in philosophy, literature, and the social sciences
Independent, international journal of theoretical humanities. Focuses on issues in cultural sutdies and theory and encourages engagement with philosophical, literary, and social science theory.

Contains scholarly articles on all aspects of British and American literature.

Provides critical and scholarly perspectives on literatures in English around the world.

ATQ (American Transcendental Quarterly Studies Literary Works and Authors)
Publishes nontechnical articles on all other aspects of 19th century society.

Australian Literary Studies
Includes Advertising, bibliographies, illustrations, book reviews..

Bilingual Review
Devoted to the linguistics of bilingualism and bilingual education, primarily Spanish-English, in the United States.

Boundary 2
Aims to promote thinking about the demands made on the intellectual, political, and cultural life that result from the developments of globalization and the most important changes in the world's dominant historical and political narratives..

Callaloo: a journal of African diaspora arts and letters
Includes Advertising, bibliographies, illustrations, book reviews, film reviews, play (theater) reviews..

Cambridge Quarterly
Principally literary criticism, includes articles on painting, sculpture, music and cinema:

Canadian Literature
Devoted to the study of all aspects of Canadian writing..

Canadian Review of American Studies
Covers all aspects of culture, both past and present, of teh U.S. and of the relations between the cultures of the U.S. and Canada:

Text in English and Spanish.

Chasqui: revista de literatura latinoamericano
Text in English, Portuguese, Spanish. Devoted exclusively to Latin American literature in the sense of bringing together research on both the Spanish-speaking republics of the continent and Brazil.

Chicago Review
International journal of writing and cultural exchange; includes poetry, fiction, essays, reviews, and interviews..

Each issue contains one or more bibliographic essays on selected topics, one or more feature pieces, and 600 reviews of new academic titles.

College Composition and Communication
Contains articles dealing with the theory, practice, research of composition, and the preparation of writing teachers. Peer Reviewed.

College Literature
Presents scholarly criticism dedicated to the needs of college and university teachers by providing them with access to innovative ways of studying and teaching new bodies of literature and experiencing old literatures in new ways. Peer Reviewed.

Comparative Literature
Having recently been designated the official journal of the American Literature Association (ACLA), Comparative Literature is the oldest U.S. journal in its field.

Comparative Literature Studies (Urbana)
Explores movements, themes, forms, history of ideas, relations between authors, and foundations of criticism and theories. Peer Reviewed.

Computers and Composition
For teachers of writing. Includes information on subjects related to computer use in composition classrooms and programs. Peer Reviewed.

A Journal of Joseph Conrad sutdies (Polish novelist, 1857- 1924).

Contemporary Literature
Includes advertising, bibliographies, illustrations, book reviews.:

Critical Quarterly
Selections of new poetry, literary criticism, contemporary fiction and articles on modern writing.:

Critical Review
Contains research and essay-length book reviews on modern authors. Develops and critiques classical liberal theory with an emphasis on political philosophy, economics, sociology, and history:

Publishes articles on artists, art, and literature from all periods, either individually or in their interrelationships, with an emphasis on post-structuralist critical approaches, feminist and new historicist interpretation:

Dieciocho: Hispanic Enlightenment
Text in English, Portuguese, Spanish. Studies in 18th century Spain and Latin America..

Discourse Studies
An Interdisciplinary journal for the study of text and talk. Publishes notable research on the structures of written and spoken discourse, with emphasis on cross-disciplinary studies of anthropology, ethnomethodology, cognitive and social psychology, communication studies and law. Peer Reviewed.

Early American Literature
Provides scholarship and criticism of American literature through the early national period (about 1830):

18th- Century Studies
Addresses all aspects of eighteenth century culture and explores how recent historiographical critical, and theoretical ideas engage scholars concerned with the eighteenth century.:

ELH (English Literary History)
Presents studies that interpret the historical conditions affecting major works in English and American literature, addressing historical, critical, and theoretical concerns:

English Language Notes
Contains short articles and scholarly notes covering the full canon of English and American Literature.:

English Literature in Transition 1880-1920
Contains essays and reviews fiction, poetry and culture in British Literature from 1880-1920.

English Studies
Covers the langauge and literature of the English-speaking world from the Old English period to the present day.

Essays in Criticism
A quarterly journal that covers the whole field of English Literature from time of Chaucer to the present day.

A feminist quarterly of writing, politics, art and culture.

Forum for Modern Language Studies
Publishes studies in the field of European language and literature, including English and American, from the Middle Ages to the present.

French Forum
Provides literary criticism essays on all aspects and periods of French continental literature.

French Studies
Contains articles on French literature and French language with an occasional contribution on other aspects of French culture.

Germanic Review
Devoted to studies dealing with the Germanic languages and literatures.

A Canadian journal of Germanic and Slavic comparative and interdisciplinary studies.

A Journal devoted to critical and methodological studies of classical literature, literature, and society.

Hemingway Review
Features article on the life and work of Ernest Hemingway written by scholars, critics, teachers and biographers.

Henry James Review
Publishes critical essays and reviews on the work of the American writer Henry James (1843-1916), including interviews with leading writers about their readings of his work.

Hispanic Review
A quarterly journal devoted to research in the Hispanic Languages and literatures.

Huntington Library Quarterly
Publishes scholarly articles with special attention to the research fields of the Huntington Library collections, concentrating on the literature, history and the art of the 16th to 18th centureis in Britain and America.

Journal of English and Germanic Philology
Publishes scholarly articles and reviews books on English literature and language, American literature, and German and Scandinavian languages and literature.

Journal of Modern Literature
Scholarly journal devoted to literary studies of 20th century literature. Coverage includes world literature as well as English and American.

Latin American Literary Review
Essays on and reviews of literature by Latin American writers.

Legacy (Amherst, Mass.)
Offers analysis of the American women's literary tradition..

Lesbian Review of Books
Contains reviews and essays on books by, for, and about lesbians worldwide.

Literary Review
An international journal of contemporary writing.

Literature and History
Explores the relations among writing, history, and ideology.

Literature, Interpretation, Theory
Provides a lively forum for fresh and forceful interpretations of a wide range of literary texts.

Medium Aevum
Articles, notes and reviews on medieval European languages and literature.

Society for the Study of Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States. Presents research, scholarly essays, and interviews of interest to those concerned with the multiethnic scope of America's literature, including Asian-American, African-American, Hispanic-American, Native American and immigrant European literature..

Milton Quarterly
Examines the life and writings of John Milton ( English poet, 1608-1674):

Modern Fiction Studies
Devoted to critcism of modern and contemporary narrative theory.

Encourages an interdisciplinary approach linking music, architecture, the visual arts, literature, and social and intellectual history, concentrating on the period from 1860 to the present.

Modern Language Notes
Presents articles and notes on the theory, interpretation and history of languages and comparative literature, in single-language and comparative-literature issues.

Modern Language Quarterly
Focuses on literary scholarship and criticism, medieval to modern, with special emphasis on literary history.

Modern Language Review
Publishes articles and reviews on medieval and modern European literature, with occasional coverage of contemporary authors. The scope of the journal encompasses English, French, Germanic, Hispanic, Italian, Slavonic, and East European languages and literatures.

Modern Philology
Investigates literary and cultural history, presenting innovative critical approaches to the study of American, English, and European literature.

Mosaic (Winnepeg)
Theoretical and practical essays explore literary works and issues from an interdisciplinary perspective..

Narrative (Columbus, Ohio)
Publishes work on the English, American, and European novel and film, and narrative theory..

Provides the review for studies in comparative and world literature. Particularly emphasis is lent to studies which further a synthetic presentation of literary epoches, periods, trends, and movements from a comparative point of view.

An international journal of modern and medieval language and literature. Publishes studies of medieval and modern language and literature, including general linguistics, literary theory and comparative linguistics.

New Literary History
Focuses on theory and interpretation- the reasons for literary change, the definitions of periods, and the evolution of styles, conventions, and genres.

Nineteenth-century French Studies
Reviews new trends, promising research findings, and professional developments in nineteenth-century French studies. Includes works from a wide variety of disciplines that serve to illuminate the literature of the period.

Notes and Queries
Covers the English language and literature, lexicography, history, and scholarly antiquarianism.

Contains essays and reviews on novel theory.

Orbis Litterarum
International review of literary studies.

Papers on language and literature
Papers on literary history, theory, and interpretation, as well as original literary materials such as letters, journals, and notebooks..

Paragraph (Modern Critical Theory Group)
Strives to further understanding of French critical thought in English-speaking nations. Explores critical theory in general and its application to literature, other arts and society.

Philosophy and Literature
Addresses fresh perspectives to two modes of inquiry through its effective interdisciplinary approach to the study of major literary and philosophical texts.:

PMLA : Publications of the Modern Language Association of America
Publishes scholarly and critical articles, professional notes and letters. Lists fellowships, forthcoming meetings.:

Covers theoretical and empirical research in literature, the media and the arts.

Prooftexts: a journal of Jewish literary history
Provides a forum for the growing field of Jewish literary studies.

Quebec studies
Provides multidisciplinary essays on Quebec culture and society.

Interdisciplinary journal publishing critical writing on literature, film, art, philosophy, and anthropology.

Concerned with the study of values in literature.

Research in African Literatures
Features historical, biographical, and theoretical studies on the written and oral literatures of Africa.

Review of Contemporary Fiction
Each issue devoted to one or two significant (but often neglected) contemporary novelists.

Review of English Studies
Publishes articles and notes on English literature and teh English language from Germanic origins to the present day.

Rhetoric Review
A scholarly interdisciplinary journal of rhetoric, publishes in all areas of rhetoric and writing and provides a professional forum for its reader to consider and discuss current topics and issues.

Rhetoric Society Quarterly
Covers topics relating to the history, theory,criticism, and pedagogy of rhetoric.

Romance quarterly
Scholarly articles relating to Romance literature and linguistics.

Romanic Review
Text in Multiple Languages.

Scandinavian Studies
Examines scholarly articles on philological and linguistic problems of medieval and modern Scandinavian languages.

Seventeenth Century
Interdisciplinary journal concerned with all aspects of the seventeenth century, including literature, theology, philosophy, natural science, music and visual arts.:

Shakespeare Quarterly
Features issue and exchange sections for the latest ideas and controversie, theater reviews of significant Shakespeare productions, and book reviews to keep its readers current with Shakespeare criticism and scholarship.

Shakespeare Studies
An annual gathering of research, criticism & review. Contains research in the Shakespearean era.

Southern Literary Journal
Contains essays, literary criticism, historical studies, and thematic and interpretive analysis of southern writing from colonial times to the present.

Covers the promotion of research, publication, and instruction in medieval records, art, archaeology, history, law, literature, music, philosophy, science, social and economic institutions, and all other aspects of medieval civilization.

Studies in American Fiction
A journal of articles, notes, and reviews on the prose friction of the United States, in its full historical range from the colonial period to the present.

Studies in Canadian Literature
A biannual, bilingual journal devoted to the study of Canadian literature in English and French.

Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900
Each issue covers a different perioid of literature from the Renaissance through the end of the 19th century, with a review of current scholarship on that period.

Studies in Philology
Addresses scholars in a wide range of disciplines, including Classical, Germanic, and Romance languages and literature; comparative literature; and especially English Medieval and Renaissance studies. Peer Reviewed.

Studies in Romanticism
Covers the literature, music and art of the Romantic period in England, Europe, and America. Examines Third World parallels.

Studies in Short Fiction
Publishes commentary (scholarship and criticism) on short fiction.

Studies in the Literary Imagination
Devoted to special topics in literary criticism:

Studies in the Novel
Covers studies of novels and novelists.

Texas Studies in Literature and Language
Publishes essays reflecting a variety of critical approaches and covers all periods of literary history.

Twentieth Century Literature
Covers all aspects of literature today with comparative articles and thematic essays.

Victorian Literature and Culture
Material on all aspects of Victorian literary and cultural history.

World Literature Today
Presents literary essays and book reviews from all over the world.

Written Communication
Provides a forum for ideas, theoritical viewpoints, and methodolgoical approaches that better define and further develop thought and practice in the study of the written word. Peer Reviewed.

Yale Journal of Criticism
Essays of an interpretive or theoretical nature in all fields of the humanities- literature, history, film studies, anthropology, philosophy, theology, music, and the visual and performing arts.

This fall, I’m teaching an upper-level English course on nineteenth-century African American writers. When I was planning the course, I knew I wanted to give students, most of whom are seniors majoring in English, History, or Ethnic Studies, practice working with the growing body of digital archives on nineteenth-century black writers. Particularly, I was interested in helping them learn to take advantage of the digitized African American periodicals that are available in three of our college library’s databases: America’s Historical Newspapers, African American Newspapers, and Accessible Archives.

In other nineteenth-century American literature classes I’ve taught, I’ve spent one day on digital archival research, introducing it and having students try it out. Students like it as an in-class exercise, but very few end up continuing to delve into the archive for their end-of-term papers. So this term, I’m committing to devoting a bit of time to the archive for each author we read. I intend this strand of the course as a practical help for potential use in their research papers, but primarily I want us to dig into the digital newspaper archive on a regular basis to help students get into a nineteenth century mindset—old fonts, tiny print, narrow newspapers columns, business ads, letters to the editor, and all. The treasure trove of black periodicals available is a window into nineteenth-century African American life that most undergraduate students I’ve taught haven’t even considered exploring.

Our term only started a couple of weeks ago, so I may have more to report in a future blog post. For now, I’ll outline two classroom exercises we’ve done, then share an archive-centered writing assignment for a short paper.

Find the author, Part 1: On paper

We began our term reading David Walker’s 1829 pamphlet Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World. For this exercise, I refrained from telling students anything at all about Walker’s biography. Instead, I found mentions of David Walker in three different 1827 issues of the first African American newspaper, Freedom’s Journal, edited by Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm and published from 1827 to 1829. I printed out the relevant pages of each newspaper and passed them out to students. Without cluing them in to where and why Walker was mentioned in each paper, I asked them to take out pens or pencils and look for places Walker was mentioned, then to circle them. I also asked them to read the newspaper pages and take notes right on the page if they saw other things they found interesting, particularly as those things might help them understand David Walker’s contexts or work a little better. They seemed charmed by being asked to get this old school with pencils and photocopied newspaper sheets, and they had fun with it.


Students found the three things I set them up to find, but it took them awhile because they typically thought what they were looking for would be an article or a book review. Instead, they found a notice of a community fundraiser meeting for Freedom’s Journal held at David Walker’s house in Boston, Walker’s name on a long list of agents for the newspaper, and a tiny ad advertising Walker’s used clothing store in Boston. We first talked about how they had just done archival research to find out things about Walker that they didn’t know. Students seemed excited by the idea that they didn’t always have to depend on scholarly editions (or Wikipedia) to learn about these writers—that in the archive, there’s a lot of information that they can find themselves.

Students noticed several ads for schools for African American children in Boston and in New York, and they made the connection to Walker’s anger at the lack of educational resources keeping black children and adults in a state of ignorance. One student even noticed that the schools advertised the teaching of English grammar—something Walker goes to great lengths to advocate for in Article II of his Appeal. Other students were interested in Walker’s clear position as a leader in the black abolitionist movement in the North. Walker is sometimes cast as a fringe figure, but the issues of Freedom’s Journal made it clear to us that he was at the center of the free black community and the black abolitionist movement.

Find the author, Part 2: Digital

Next up on the syllabus was Maria W. Stewart; we read several of her speeches and her 1831 pamphlet Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality. This time, I asked students to bring in laptops (but you could easily do this exercise in a computer lab). I told them to go into our library’s databases and go to either America’s Historical Newspapers, African American Newspapers, or another, non-periodical digital archive called Women Writers Online. I asked them to search for Maria W. Stewart, realizing that they would probably have to try different searches: “James Stewart,” her husband; “Maria Miller,” her maiden name; “Mrs. Steward,” the name under which she published her pamphlet; “Maria Stewart Boston,” “Maria Steward Boston,” “Pure Principles of Morality,” etc. Stewart is better known than she used to be, but she’s still not a household name, nor does she appear in every African American writers course. I wondered how much of a presence she had in the newspapers of her day.

I had not done this search beforehand and so was genuinely curious going into the exercise about what students would find. Several found Stewart’s obituary in a newspaper called the People’s Advocate, where they discovered that she republished an expanded edition of her 1832 work Meditations from the Pen of Mrs. Maria W. Stewart that included biographical information about her time as an educator and lecturer in New York, as well as her work in the Freedman’s Hospital in Washington, D.C. during the Civil War. Others saw how frequently she was mentioned during 1831 and 1832 in William Lloyd Garrison’s newspaper The Liberator (Garrison knew Stewart and published the first edition of Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality as a pamphlet in 1831; he also published her pieces in the newspaper). Another student looked up the first edition of Meditations, saw that it was presented to the African Baptist Church of Boston, then went off on an Internet hunt for more information about this church. She found photos that she shared with us of the restored church, which is now part of the Museum of African American History in Boston. (You should go to this museum if you’re in Boston! It’s small but excellent, and you can even walk up to the podium where Maria Stewart once spoke—along with Frederick Douglass and Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, among many others.)

Mostly, students wanted more. And somewhere out there in a physical archive, there probably is more, waiting for someone to find it. At least, that’s my optimistic hope. There’s not that much on Stewart, though, in these databases. We had a great discussion about what it meant to them to look for black women in the archives, and how it felt both exciting and frustrating to find and not to find Maria Stewart.

Assignment idea: Adopt-a-periodical paper

I assign my literature students a variety of short papers over the course of the term. I ask them to choose an author from the syllabus and select one of several paper approaches that I provide. One of the approaches I’m trying out in this course is what I’m calling “Adopt-a-Periodical.” Here’s the text of this paper assignment (if you like it, feel free to steal or adapt):

There’s probably no better way to contextualize the works we’re reading this term than to explore the rich history of African American newspapers. Nineteenth-century African American newspapers shine a light on the daily political and social concerns of black folk of the period, and they also provide a framework to understand the world referred to in the poetry, fiction, nonfiction, and drama we’ll be studying.

For example, reading Frederick Douglass’s Narrative and then reading a few issues of one of his newspapers can provide additional insight into Douglass as a writer and activist working in more than one literary genre. Looking at the layout of the issues of the Christian Recorder in which Julia Collins’s The Curse of Caste was serialized can give you a sense of how 19th century readers might’ve approached the novel, surrounded as it was by ads, editorials, and news stories.

For your papers, choose one work from the syllabus, and choose one African American newspaper that was being published the year that the work you chose was published. (These newspapers are available through these library databases: America’s Historical Newspapers, African American Newspapers, or Accessible Archives.) Then read at least 3 or 4 issues of that year’s newspaper to get a sense of what is going on in African American life during the year the work you chose was published. Pay attention to everything in the paper: the layout, the masthead, the ads, the poetry, the letters to the editor, the subscription lists, the notices, the editorials, etc.

Things you might address in your short paper include (but don’t feel limited to these):

  • What would you say are the main social and political aims of this periodical, based on what you have read?
  • How do the editors convey their social/political stances?
  • What do you learn about 19th century African American life from this periodical? (Reference specific articles, advertisements, letters to the editor, etc., in your response.)
  • How does reading this periodical help you to understand the particular context of a literary work or works on our syllabus?

Troubleshooting: finding the resources

There are practical limitations to the digital archives approach, of course. Not all libraries at all institutions will subscribe to archival databases like the ones I’ve been using. However, there are some great digital archives that are available to all: the Library of Congress’s Chronicling America is excellent, and C19, the Society of Nineteenth Century Americanists has a list of accessible online archives here. If you want to expand past periodicals, the University of Delaware’s Colored Conventions project is an excellent resource. There’s always the Internet Archive—gigantic to search, but you never know what you might find. I’m sure many of you could recommend more, which I hope you’ll do in the comments section!

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